Procedural memory

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Procedural memory (knowing how) is the memory for sequences of movements and skills. Procedural memory is similar to implicit memory, and linked to Automaticity. Procedural memory guides the processes we perform and is unconscious. When needed, procedural memories are automatically retrieved and used for both cognitive and motor skills.

Examples include tying shoe laces, driving a car, reading and writing.

Procedural memory is created through procedural learning repeating a complex activity over and over again and making all of the relevant neural systems work together automatically. Implicit (no conscious awareness) procedural learning is essential to the development of any motor skill or cognitive activity.

Procedural memory is often contrasted with declarative memory

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